Transaction fees did not exceed $2 for most of 2020, but things took a turn for the crazy as soon as bull run ramped into top gear this year, bringing Ethereum along for the ride.
ETH transaction fees hurtled to as high as $69.92 on 12 May, a day after Ethereum hit its all-time high of $4,164. Another fleeting high happened exactly one week later when transaction fees rose to $59.57.
What does it all mean?
Fees are low because the demand for Ethereum is low. The price of ETH is now around $1,800, and slowly falling.
The same thing has happened to Bitcoin’s average transaction fee, which fell 24% overnight to hit $5.10. At $32,700, Bitcoin’s price is now about half the all-time high that traders set in April. Bitcoin’s transaction fee is 330% lower than this time last year, according to Ycharts.
To be clear, although low transaction fees are bad for miners and may indicate low demand for the network, they’re good for anyone processing complicated transactions through Ethereum-based protocols, such as or .
Fees may further decrease following the arrival of . The upgrade to the Ethereum may take years before it is fully implemented but promises faster and cheaper transactions and much greener mining.
That’s partly because the network will switch from the current consumptive proof-of-work consensus mechanism, which requires powerful hardware to validate transactions, to proof-of-stake, where those who stake the most ETH validate transactions.
A successful upgrade could help Ethereum stage a powerful comeback. But should demand hot up, fees could rise once again.
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